Research Article | Open Access

Perfectionistic Self-Presentation and Body Dissatisfaction: The Role of Anxiety and Depression

    Zahra Saghir Hashmi

    Clinical Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan

    Tazvin Ijaz

    Clinical Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan

    Shirmeen Ijaz

    Department of Psychology, Riphah International University, Lahore Campus, Pakistan


Received
06 Nov, 2019
Accepted
28 Jul, 2022
Published
31 Dec, 2022

This purpose of the study was to investigate the role of perfectionistic self-presentation aspect of perfectionism with the desire to present a perfect self, which may have a significant impact on emotional and social well-being. The present research assessed the experience of anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction among university students (N =1000) including males (n = 500) and females (n = 500) enrolled in a four-year undergraduate program. Perfectionistic Self-presentation Scale (Hewitt et al., 2003), Body Dissatisfaction Scale (Tariq & Ijaz, 2015), Beck Depression Inventory (Beck et al., 1996) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (Beck et al., 1988) were used to assess the study variables. Results indicated that perfectionistic self-presentation was significantly correlated with anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction in female participants whereas, there was significant correlation between perfectionistic self-presentation and anxiety in male participants. Moreover, two mediation models were tested to see the relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and body dissatisfaction using anxiety and depression as mediators. Using regression analysis, results suggested that there was a significant change in the relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and body dissatisfaction after adding the mediators i.e., anxiety and depression. The study provided evidence that individuals who display high perfectionistic-self presentation are particularly vulnerable to anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction. The results have been discussed in the light of previous findings.

How to Cite this paper?


APA-7 Style
Hashmi, Z.S., Ijaz, T., Ijaz, S. (2022). Perfectionistic Self-Presentation and Body Dissatisfaction: The Role of Anxiety and Depression . Pak. J. Psychol. Res, 37(4), 515-532. https://doi.org/10.33824/PJPR.2022.37.4.31

ACS Style
Hashmi, Z.S.; Ijaz, T.; Ijaz, S. Perfectionistic Self-Presentation and Body Dissatisfaction: The Role of Anxiety and Depression . Pak. J. Psychol. Res 2022, 37, 515-532. https://doi.org/10.33824/PJPR.2022.37.4.31

AMA Style
Hashmi ZS, Ijaz T, Ijaz S. Perfectionistic Self-Presentation and Body Dissatisfaction: The Role of Anxiety and Depression . Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research. 2022; 37(4): 515-532. https://doi.org/10.33824/PJPR.2022.37.4.31

Chicago/Turabian Style
Hashmi, Zahra, Saghir, Tazvin Ijaz, and Shirmeen Ijaz. 2022. "Perfectionistic Self-Presentation and Body Dissatisfaction: The Role of Anxiety and Depression " Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research 37, no. 4: 515-532. https://doi.org/10.33824/PJPR.2022.37.4.31