Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research encourages authenticity and transparency in authorship for publication. Authorship confers accountability and credit for the manuscript's content submitted for publishing; therefore all the enlisted authors must meet our 'Authorship Criteria.'

Upon receiving the manuscript, the editorial staff double-checks with all authors and contributors to substantiate and validate the acknowledgment and approval of the submitted manuscript before processing in the Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research. It is obligatory for all authors, to approve the submitted and accepted versions of the manuscript.

Author Contributions

Contribution of all authors must be enlisted at the time of submission, as the level of contributions will be published with the final article. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research follows guidelines by American Psychological Association (APA) manual 7th to help identify each author's contribution to the work.

The Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research follows and recommend the APA guidelines for authorship credit to those who have Substantial contribution and who accept responsibility for a published work (APA Ethics Code Standard 8.12a, Publication Credit). Authorship encompasses, therefore, not only those who do the writing but also those who have made substantial scientific contributions to a study. Substantial professional contributions may include formulating the problem or hypothesis, structuring the experimental design, organizing and conducting the statistical analysis, or interpreting the results and findings. Those who so contribute are listed in the byline.

For being approved as an enlisted author, criteria mentioned above must be met.

Before submitting the final manuscript, authors should ensure that they have followed the Journal's Guide to author and Authorship policy accordingly.


Those who do not meet the criteria mentioned above, but have contributed nevertheless to the manuscript, shall be enlisted in acknowledgment after acquiring approbation from the individual. This usually includes technical help, financial/material support.

Financial Assistance

Funding sources or status of all types, including no specific funding, should be mentioned in the 'acknowledgment' section. At the time of submission, the role of the research funder apart from financial aid (e.g., the involvement of the commercial organization) should be mentioned. Any other sources including funding for open access publication, writing or editorial assistance, or provision of experimental material should also be described.

Authorship Disputes

All the authorship disputes, chiefly ghost authorship and gift authorship, will be observed by the Journal's ethical committee and resolved according to the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics .

The responsibility and accountability of the accuracy and integrity of any part of the submitted content lie on all the authors, including those collaborating on multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary work.

Changes in the authorship, including addition, deletion, modification of order, or change in a contribution after initial submission, must be first approved by all enlisted authors.