Development of an Indigenous Emotional State Scale for Dermatological Patients
27 Dec, 2002
25 May, 2003
30 Jun, 2003
The present article describes the process of development of an indigenous Emotional State Scale for Dermatological Patients (ESS-D) which measures the intensity of emotional disturbance among patients with psychosomatic skin diseases. Development of ESS-D has been carried out in four phases by using independent samples. The 40 items of ESS-D are arranged in a 5-point scale. The items have been ramified into five dimensions or subscales such as Anxiety, Depression, Body Image, Well-being, and Social Withdrawal. The psychometric evaluation of ESS-D reveals that it possesses high reliability and sufficient content and construct validities. The development of an indigenous Emotional State Scale for Dermatological Patient (ESS-D) has been made for clinical use in dermatologic clinics, in Pakistan.
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