Validation of The Three-Component Model of Organizational Commitment in Pakistan
11 Aug, 2003
15 Nov, 2004
31 Dec, 2004
This study examined the construct validity of Meyer and Allen 's (1991) three-component model of organizational commitment (OC) in a Pakistani context. Three separate studies were conducted using data from public sector organizations. Study I was a pilot study conducted to determine the readability, and ease of understanding of the measures being used. In the study IL three component organizational commitment (OC) scales (Meyer & Allen, 1991) were translated into Urdu. In the final study, data were collected from 228 employees of a large public sector organization of Islamabad. Five LISREL models were developed to test the best fitting model from the derived data. Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFA) were conducted to examine the relationship of various constructed models. The results of CFA indicated that a three factor oblique model fit the data best, consistent with the previous research. Reliabilities of the affective and continuance commitment scales were adequate, however, normative commitment scales exhibited relatively low internal consistency reliability. Finally, the present study found that affective and normative commitment were higher in Pakistani and Chinese employees than in previously published samples from South Korea and Canada. Continuance commitment in Pakistani and Chinese samples was lower, however, non significant differences were found between South Korean and Canadian samples on continuance commitment.
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